Book Review: Addressing violence against women on college campuses

Published date01 June 2020
Date01 June 2020
Subject MatterBook Reviews
Plus, it is nearly impossible to fully remove these digital footprints and, thus, the information may
still be located by background-checking companies.
In her conclusion, Musto discusses shifting the focus of law enforcement’s efforts away from
victims of sex trafficking and toward the buyers and traffickers. Although these “end-demand
policies” have the potential to help victims of domestic sex trafficking, Musto underscores that
such policies may still not produce the protective, victim-centric results that we hope. Either instead
of or in addition to such policies, we need to experience a true paradigm shift in terms of how we
view, treat, and help these young girls and women. Rather than rescuing victims through carceral
interventions, substantive solutions to sex trafficking require broader social change that drastically
reduce or eliminate structural racism, sexism, and classism, as well as philosophical and economical
reformations to our criminal justice system.
Quite simply, Control and Protect is a captivating read that showcases our society’s puzzling
response to a complicated, technologically evolving issue. Musto’s work draws attention to this
unique and troubling form of blaming, controlling, and managing victims of domestic sex traffick-
ing. It appears that the paradoxical approach that we have taken is hindering our ability to truly help
victims and at-risk youth. While victims of domestic sex trafficking may be hiding in plain sight,
we should not lose sight of these victims and, as Musto argues, the protective punishment we inflict
on them.
Kaukinen, C., Miller, M. H., & Powers, R. A. (2017).
Addressing violence against women on college campuses. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 333 pp. $39.95,
ISBN: 978143991376-5.
Reviewed by: LaDonna Long, Roosevelt University, Chicago, IL, USA
DOI: 10.1177/0734016818789477
The book, Addressing Violence Against Women on College Campuses, explores the multifaceted
issues surrounding sexual violence on college campuses. It is an edited volume of readings that
explores the nature of violence and current legislation and educational initiatives on campuses. The
end of the book addresses current challenges that universities face in preventing campus sexual
assault. After reading this book, the reader will have a better understanding of the issues of sexual
violence on college campuses, a historical context to federal and school initiatives in preventing
sexual violence and its challenges, and establishing future discussion on what still needs to be done.
Divided into four parts, the first part looks at the prevalence and causes of sexual violence on
college campuses. It includes an in-depth look at the types of violence women experience in college,
including domestic violence and stalking. There is also a focus on the causes of violence such as
hypermasculinity and the prevalence of alcohol use while in college. There is an analysis of the
historical impact of legislation on sexual violence provided in this section. For instance, Figure 1 in
the first chapter gives a detailed time line of federal legislation concerning higher education and
sexual violence, starting with the implementation of the Higher Education Act of 1965 ending with
the 2014 White House Task Force Report. The second section looks at past and current legislation
that helped usher in many of the provisions on college campuses, including an in-depth explanation
of Title IX, the Clery and SaVE Act, and the Dear Colleague letter. One of the most intriguing
writings in this section is Chapter 11, which takes a close look at the mandatory reporting for sexual
assault victims on campus. While the purpose of the legislation was to help victims feel comfortable
reporting sexual violence, mandating reporting requires the victim to see their experience as rape as
well as report it in an official capacity to receive on-campus provisions (e.g., change classes if
270 Criminal Justice Review 45(2)

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