Mahapatra (2000) defined the bibliometrics as "the quantitative analysis of the characteristics, behaviour and productivity of all aspects of written communication, library staff and information users" (p. 4). Whereas, Reitz (2010) presented the term 'bibliometric' in the following words:
The use of mathematical and statistical methods to study and identify patterns in the usage of materials and services within a library or to analyze the historical development of a specific body of literature, especially its authorship, publication and use. Prior to the mid-20th century, the quantitative study of bibliographic data and usage was known as statistical bibliography. There are many outcomes of bibliometric study such as to find out the publication productivity, collaboration for publication, year-wise distribution of work, language and journal preferences, and span of subject areas. It identifies the communication channel, prolific authorship and relevant papers, organizations and countries producing relevant papers. Naseer and Mahmood (2009) conducted a study titled 'Use of bibliometrics in LIS research' in which they stated that "Bibliometric methods have been effectively utilized to solve a variety of issues in LIS but this area of LIS research has failed to get attention of researchers in Pakistan" (p. 7). Similarly, describing the uses of bibliometric techniques Thanuskod (2011) said that:
Bibliometric techniques are being used for a variety of purposes like determination of various scientific indicators, evaluation of scientific output, selection of journals for libraries and even forecasting the potential of a particular field. The popularity in the adaptation of bibliometric techniques in various disciplines stimulated stupendous growth of literature on bibliometrics and its related areas. (p. 75) Bio-bibliometric is a study in which we statistically analyze publications of an individual, a department, or a subject of any field. It is a quantitative and analytical method in which we try to establish a functional relation between bio-data of an individual and his biblio-data. It helps us to decide the attractiveness and impact of particular articles, authors, and publications by determining the most cited authors, papers and journals. Mathematical and statistical techniques are used to study a publication's pattern, preferences, author's collaboration and chronological distribution of publications.
A number of bio-bibliometric studies have been carried out throughout the world in different fields of study. Sin (1999) analyzed and presented the works of a popular Malaysian historian Professor Khoo Kay Kim. He presented an analysis of the authorship pattern, journal preference and language preference. This study also discovered Kim's channel of communication and publication productivity. Similarly, Sangam and Savanur (2006) carried out bio-bibliometric study of Dr. N. Rudraiah, a famous Indian mathematician. In their study, they analyzed the channel of communication, publication productivity, authorship pattern, and journal preference of Dr. N. Rudariah. Koley and Sen (2006) carried out a bio-bibliometric on Professor B. N. Koley, an eminent Indian physiologist. In their research, they analyzed authorship pattern and collaboration coefficient, chronological distribution of research articles. Parvathamma and Gobbur (2008) carried out a biobibliometric study on T. M. Aminabhavi, a well-known polymer scienticsts. In their research work, they explored collaboratin coeficient, authorship pattern, popular articles and conference papers.
In Pakistan, Mahmood and Rehman (2009) conducted a bio-bibliometric analysis of Professor Dr. Anis Khurshid's publications. Dr. Khurshid was a well-known personality in field of library and information science in Pakistan. In this study, analysis included year and type wise distribution of the articles. Authorship collaboration of Dr. Khurshid was also presented in this study. The study was the first of its kind in Pakistan in the field of bio-bibliometrics. In another study, in the field of bio-bibliometrics in Pakistan, Kousar and Mahmood (2010) presented the analysis of contributions of Dr. Syed Jalaludin Haider to LIS field. In this analysis of publications, periodical wise distribution of his work, pages produced, author collaboration and subjects covered were studied. The present study compromises of an analysis of the research work of Dr. Khalid Mehmood in the field of library and information science.
Biographical Sketch of Dr. Khalid Mahmood
Dr. Khalid Mahmood was born on 10 April 1966 at Sharqpur, a town in District Sheikhupura. He got his early education from his native town. After completing his graduation from University of the Punjab in 1986, he did diploma in Library and Information Science from the same university in 1988. He got Master Degree in Library and Information Science in 1989. He obtained Postgraduate Diploma in Library Management from Netherlands in 1996. In 2004, he acquired Ph.D. in Library and Information Science from University of the Punjab Lahore, Pakistan. He did his Post Doctorate study in Information Studies form University of California, USA in 2011 (Ansari, 2007).
He started his career as a Librarian in Education Department, Government of Punjab in 1989. From 1991 to 1993, he served as Librarian in Quaid-e-Azam Library, Lahore. In 1993, he joined Punjab University as Lecturer in Library Science Department. He performed the duties of Chairman, Library Science Department from 2006 to 2009. Presently he is performing his duties as Professor in Department of Library and Information Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore, where he is teaching modern subjects of Library Science like Digital Libraries, Research Methods, Online Information Retrieval, and Applied Library Automation etc. He has contributed a lot in enhancing the higher education in the field of Library and Information Science in Pakistan. He is supervising research work of many Ph.D. and M. Phil. scholars. Four students have successfully completed their Ph.D. research under his supervision. He has also supervised large number of Master level theses (Wikipedia, 2012).
Dr. Khalid is performing the editorial responsibilities of different national and international journals (University of the Punjab, 2011). He has also completed various projects of library science for automation and modernization of this field like "Development of a Modern Library at Punjab Local Government Academy, Lalamusa funded by CIDA (Canadian International Development Agency)" and "Library Automation at Punjab Provincial Assembly" (Wikipedia, 2012). He attended large number of conferences, seminars and workshops at national and international level.
Objectives of the Study
The objectives of this bio-bibliometric study on Dr. Khalid Mahmood were:
* To identify geographical and year wise distribution of publications
* To find collaboration for publication
* To analyze the publications by type
* To explore the language and journal preferences
* To study the coverage of different subject areas
Data for this study was collected from official website of University of the Punjab where Dr. Khalid Mahmood is presently serving. Other online and print sources were also used for data collection. A publication, which appeared in both English and French languages, was considered as one publication. Items published until December 31, 2011 were included in this study. Articles accepted for publication in any national or international journal, pending in press or published after December 2011 were not included in the study. Data were recorded and analyzed using Microsoft Excel.
Findings and Discussion
Dr. Khalid Mahmood started writing in 1993. He has written five books, one web version book, 101 articles (including two articles in newsletters), and eight conference papers until December 31, 2011 (see Table 1). Most of his work consists of journal articles (87.83%). Year wise distribution of his work shows that most productive year was 2009 when he contributed 18 items. Another very productive year was 2010 in which he published 15 items. Dr. Khalid was contributing to LIS literature most actively during the last four years of this study (2008 to 2011) and this period was most productive time for him. He published or presented more than 47 per cent (54 items) of his work during this time.
Table 1 Year wise Distribution Year Books Books Articles Conference Newsletter Total (web Papers articles version) 1993 - - 2 - - 2 1994 - - - - - 0 1995 - - 3 - - 3 1996 - - 9 - 1 10 1997 - - 10 - 1 11 1998 1 - 5 - - 6 1999 1 - 2 - - 3 2000 - - 1 - - 1 2001 - - 1 - - 1 2002 - - 1 - - 1 2003 - 1 2 - - 3 2004 1 - 2 - - 3 2005 - - 8 - - 8 2006 - - 6 - - 6 2007 - - 3 - - 3 2008 - - 10 - - 10 2009 1 - 14 3 - 18 2010 - - 14 1 - 15 2011 1 - 6 4 - 11 Total 5 1 99 8 2 115 % 4.35 0.87 86.09 6.96 1.74 100 Year Percentage Cumulative Percentage 1993 1.74...