Bibliometric analysis is currently used for evaluating the qualitative and quantitative interest in a specific field through the analysis of publications. This method is currently used in the sciences of information to describe patterns of publications within a given field. Bibliometrics refers to research methodology employed in library and information sciences, which utilizes quantitative analysis and statistics methods to describe distribution patterns of articles with a given topic (Almind and Ingwersen, 1997), field (Campanario et. al., 2006), institute (Moed et. al., 1985) or country (Schubert et al., 1989). These methods have been used to investigate research trends of specific fields recently (Vergidis et. al., 2005; Falagas et. al., 2006; Kumari, 2006).
Bibliometric methods have been used to measure scientific progress in many disciplines of science and engineering and are a common research instrument for systematic analysis (Van Raan, 2005). Since Narin et al. (1976) first proposed the concept of "evaluative bibliometrics", many scientists have tried to evaluate the research trend in the publication outputs of countries, research institutes, journals and subject category (Garcia-Rio et al., 2001; Zhou et al., 2007), the citation analysis (Cole, 1989) and the peak year citation per publication (Chuang et al., 2007; Li and Ho, 2008).
Jeevan and Gupta have analyzed the contribution and impact of Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur by suggesting a methodology the quantitative profile of a research cum teaching institute, with a view to get idea about its performance an impact. Similarly Singh et. al. studied the research contribution and impact of Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee from 1993 to 2001. Employing a variety of bibliometric methods, including publication and citation analyses, Bonnevie (2003) investigated a multifaceted portrait of the Journal of Information Science, focused on the last quarter of the 20th century. The areas of study included the visibility of the journal in databases, the pattern of authorship, the pattern of self-citation, internalization and scientific impact. The study revealed that 2,140 JIS publications in the SSCI and LISA, with 1,228 (57.4%) in SSCI and 912 (42.6%) in LISA, respectively.
Tsay (2008) explored the relationship between Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology (JASIST) and other disciplines by drawing citation data from references of articles of JASIST in 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2004. The results of this study revealed that the production rate of JASIST literature doubled and the average number of references cited per paper is also increased 2 to 3 times in a period of about 25 years. Singh (2013) in a bibliometric analysis of the Chinese Librarianship: an International Electronic Journal (2009-2012) found that in the year 2012 maximum number of papers published compared to other years, India is the most prolific country and among all the contributors most are related to non-teaching professionals.
Swain (2011) in his scientometric analysis of Library Philosophy and Practice from 2004 to 2009 found that the degree of collaboration in LPP ranged from 0.222 to 0.52 and the highest numbers of contributors hailed from Nigeria, followed by USA, India, and Iran. Hussain and Fatima (2011) in their study a bibliometric analysis of the Chinese Librarianship: an International Electronic Journal (2006-2010) found that USA is the most prolific country; highest paper cite the journal Interlending and Document Supply; the majority of papers were contributed by single authors.
* To measure the research output of the university;
* To identify the most prolific authors during the period;
* To identify the authorship pattern the papers published;
* To identify the journals which were most preferred by the researchers of the university;
* Measure the most cited journals during the period under study;
One common method of bibliometric research is to trace publications using the SCI of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), Philadelphia (Fu et al., 2010). The present study covers research publications of various departments of Sambalpur University during 2007 to 2011. It access the university's contribution and impact of research in different field of science and technology. The publication data of the university has been drawn from Web of Science database. Web of Science is published by Thomson Reuters, USA, it is an online version of Science Citation Index (SCI), a citation Index published by Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), Philadelphia. For information retrieval "Sambalpur University" and "India" were the keywords used as address and 2007-01-01 to 2011-12-31 selected as the time span of study. Further, the result was refined only to article. Finally 170 research papers in different disciplines of science and technology retrieved matched with Sambalpur University as author's affiliation/address. Aspects referring to type of document, subject category, journal, country, departments, keywords and h-index were analyzed with MS-Excel.
Analysis & discussion
Details of publication
Sambalpur University published a total of 170 research papers in different disciplines of science and technology during 2007 to 2011, as seen from the Web of Science database. During these period...