BIBLIOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF RESEARCH LITERATURE ON PIPER BETLE.

Author:Thirumagal, A.
 
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Introduction:

The betel plant has originated from South and South East Asia. Betel plant is an evergreen and perennial creeper, with glossy heart-shaped leaves and white catkin. For its intestinal, carminative, anti-flatulent and gastro-protective properties, chewing betel leaves are considered as an edible digestive aid. Betel leaves have the properties of warm and spicy flavor. It has the medicinal values of controlling coughs, inflammation, nose bleeding and relieves itching. It acts as the best medicine for treating dental caries, and oral infections caused by bacteriaIt stimulates the central nervous system, stimulates the intellect, increases peristalsis, stimulating spasms, relieve nature of the snoring. The database covered in the Web of Knowledge was Science Citation Index (SCI), Social Science Citation Index (SSCI), Arts and Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI). In Web of Knowledge Database the key word "Piper betle" or betel was used in the Topic field 1997-2016. The result of 1730 was downloaded in a separate text files. The data was analysed with the Bibexcel. It is a powerful analytical tool. This Bibexcel was developed by Olle Persson, Inforsk, Umea Univ (Sweden). This software is designed to assist a user in analysing bibliographic data, or any data of a textual nature formatted in a similar manner. Scientific collaboration is accepted in the new interdisciplinary research. By that there is a chance of improving funds and professional advancement. (1)

Need for the study:

The Piper betle leaves, areca nuts and lime powder were used ceremonially in traditional India. It acts as a stimulant to suppress hunger and reduce stress. Piper betle leaves have been chewed along with the areca nut since very ancient times. This plant cures cough, bronchitis, burns and nose bleeding. It contains cholinomimetic and possible calcium channel antagonist constituents, which are concentrated in the aqueous and ethyl acetate fractions respectively. (2) Piper betle (Piperaceae) leaves which are traditionally used in India and China in the prevention of oral malodor was examined by bioassay-guided fractionation to yield allyl pyro catechol (APC) as the major active principle which showed promising activity against obligate oral anaerobes responsible for halitosis. The biological studies with APC indicated that the potential to reduce methylmercaptan and hydrogen sulfide was mainly due to the anti-microbial activity as established using dynamic in vitro models. (3) Leaves of Piper betle (Piperaceae) possess several bioactivities and are used in traditional medicinal systems. However, its antidiabetic activity has not been scientifically investigated so far. The aim of this study therefore, was to investigate the antidiabetic activity of Piper belle leaves. (4) Rapid increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes (DM2) in Papua New Guinea, coupled with compelling epidemiological evidence supporting a diabetogenic association with betel quid (BQ) chewing has lead us to investigate dietary strategies that might offer protection from developing DM2. (5) P. betel may offer a new therapeutic approach for the control of allergic diseases through inhibition of production of allergic mediators. (6) Betel leaf chewing is an old traditional practice in India and other countries of East Asia. We have investigated the antioxidant and antihyperlipidaemic potential of an alcoholic leaf-extract of Piper betel against D-galactosamine. P. betel could afford a significant antioxidant and anti hyperlipidaemic effect against D-GaIN-intoxication. (7) The leaves of this plant have been long in use intropical countries for the preparation of traditional herbal remedies. The antifungal activity exhibited by this compound warrants its use as an antifungal agent particularly for treating topical infections, as well as gargle mouthwash against oral Candida infections. (8) Piper betle Linn is a traditional plant associated with the Asian and southeast Asian cultures. Its use is also recorded in folk medicines in these regions. Several of its medicinal properties have recently been proven. Photochemical analysis showed the presence of mainly trepans and phenols in betel leaves. These constituents vary in the different cultivars of Piper betel. (9) The leaves of Piper betle Linn. (Family: Piperaceae) possess several bioactivities and are used in the Traditional Medical systems of Sri Lanka. The betel dried powder exercise for determination of physicochemical parameters, presence or absence of heavy metals, and microbial contamination. Added to that, it is screening for phytochemicals and development of High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint and densitogram. (10)

Objectives:

The research is designed to deal with more general information processes. It is a set of methods used to study or measure texts and information. This term is often used in the field of library and information science. Raj Kumar Bhardwaj and Shri Ram had done research on Osteoporosis. They find out the literature growth and identify India's contribution. (12) The researcher examine the following objectives to analysis the downloaded data.

* To identify the literature growth of Piper betle Research

* To identify the Publication Type and language wise distribution

* To analyze authorship pattern and h-index

* To identify the Co-Authorship pattern

* To identify the country colloboration

* To analyze Co-Citation works by applying Pajek tools.

Quantum of literature for Piper betle L. Research

Medicinal plants have been largely used in traditional medicine. It acts as major source for the treatment of various diseases. Shri Ram had done research on various aspects of literature growth in...

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