Bibliometric analysis of Indian journal of chemistry, section B to study the usage pattern of information in the field of material science.

Author:Gogoi, Manisha
  1. Introduction

    Bibliometrics is a relatively new branch of information science and has now become a standard tool of science policy and research management in the last decades. Pritchard explained the term bibliometrics as "the application of mathematical and statistical methods to books and other media of communication" (Pritchcard, 1969). Communication media comprises of books, papers in serials, periodicals, monographs, reports, thesis, e-books and ejournals. Regarding the scope of bibliometrics, O'Connor and Voos (1981) states that "its scope includes the study of the relationship among documents e.g. citation studies or describing a literature. Typically, these descriptions focus on consistent patterns involving authors, monographs, journals or subject/language". The backbone of bibliometrics lies on some theoretical foundation, laid by some pioneers, such as, Lotka, Gross, Bradford, Zipf, Derek J de Solla Price, Bookstein, Mandelbrot, Brookes, Narin, Garfield, Vickery, Moravcsik, Cole brothers, Pritchard, Hulme and others. The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of cited references in Indian Journal of Chemistry, Section B (Organic Chemistry including Medicinal Chemistry) which has been recognized as one of the most important journal of chemistry.

  2. Need for the study

    Periodicals are essential resources for carrying out research and teaching. Faculty, Research Scholars and students depend heavily on these resources. But the costs of journals are more than books and number titles of journals are many and the collections also grow rapidly. Sometimes double in short period of time. So, in library proper policy should be adopted for journal collection. The bibliometric analysis will help in deciding titles of journals to be acquired, to continue or discontinue a subscription, to weed or not to weed a backset.

  3. Source Journal

    Indian Journal of Chemistry, section B is a leading journal in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry started publishing from 1976. It publishes papers on organic reaction mechanism, theoretical organic chemistry, structure-activity relationships, medicinal chemistry, synthesis of chiral compounds, bio-organic chemistry, enzymes in organic synthesis, reagents in organic synthesis, heterocyclic compounds, phytochemistry (natural products), amino acids, peptides and proteins, spectroscopy in characterization of organic compounds, chemoenzymatic and enantioselective synthesis of organic compounds, synthesis of fullerenes, metalcatalyzed asymmetric reactions, bioactive plant products and combinatorial chemistry. It is the one and only authoritative journal in chemistry, published in India.

  4. Review of literature

    A number of bibliometric studies have been carried out during the last three decades to study the form and structure of scientific communication, growth and scattering of literature, authorship pattern, collaboration in research, obsolescence of literature and to identify core journals and research trends of science disciplines.

    Pattern of information use by Indian entomologists was studied and found that major portion of the citations are from journals (73.9%) and a total of 41.7% citations are from Indian sources followed by 23.1% from USA (Barooah 1993).

    Bibliometric analysis of science journals published from India was studied and found that Chemistry had the highest percentage of joint authored references and contributions from abroad were increasing in physics, chemistry, geology and medical sciences (Jalaja 1997).

    Citation pattern of Indian Journal of Chemistry was studied and found that two authored and three authored citations are predominant and comprise 55.5% of total citations. It is also found that importance of journals in this field which accounts for 85% of total citations and almost all of them pertain to foreign journals indicating that Indian journals are hardly consulted by researchers which is 1.76% (Dutta and Sen 2001).

    Authorship pattern and global research productivity in heart dieses was studied and found that nearly 34.95% of the contributions were by more than five authors. The contribution of single author is 14.65% (Thrumagal, Devi, and Sethukumari 2012)

    Citation frequency of Doctoral theses in Zoology was studied and found that research is, now a day a team work rather than a work in isolation. It is found from his analysis that USA is the leading country with 24.49% of the total journals cited, U.K. has a contribution with 17.52% of journals and India with 14.55% (Rahman 2013).

  5. Objective of the Study

    The specific objectives of this study are:

  6. To make an analysis of articles published in Indian Journal of Chemistry, section B.

  7. To find out the number of cited documents and the average number of references per article.

  8. To study the authorship pattern.

  9. To identify geographical distribution of journals cited.

  10. To identify the number and forms of document cited.

  11. To study the age of cited journals.

  12. To prepare the rank list of cited journals.

  13. Methodology

    Methodology applied in the present study is bibliometric analysis which is used to study in detail the bibliographic features of the articles and citation analysis of the reference appended at the end of each article, published in Indian Journal of Chemistry, Section B, Vol.52B, 2013. The data collected from Indian Journal of Chemistry, Section B made from all 12 issues of Vol.52B, 2013. Information on each cited document such as title, types of document, country of origin, year, No. of authors, No. of Citations in each month/issue etc. are recorded and analyzed for making observation. For subsequent analysis and interpretation collected data were fed to MS-Excell. The tables were generated in...

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