Literature is the body of thought expressed in published writings. The primary role of literature is to record and transmit ideas or discoveries that bring in the advancement of knowledge. In the field of Science and Technology, the growth of literature is in an exponential manner. Therefore, the process of selecting the appropriate and relevant literature becomes critical and difficult.
Bibliometric analysis is the quantitative description of literature and helps in the measurement of the patterns of all forms of recorded information and their producers. It has extensive applications in the field of library and information science particularly with regard to studying the trends in a subject. It helps in formulating need-based development policy and provides objective data to inform managers to take timely decisions. The first recorded study of the bibliometric subject matter was in 1917 by Cole & Eales with the 'Statistical analysis of the literature of the history of comparative anatomy' which served as a model for applying the counting technique in the evaluation of international activities. Alan Prichard first introduced the term 'Bibliometrics' in 1969 to men 'the application of mathematics and statistical methods to books and other media of communications'. Roy has defined bibliometrics as a 'study process of information use by analyzing characteristics of documents and their distributions by statistical methods. (Jena, K.L. 2012).
Bibliometrics is a new branch of information science. It has emerged as a handy managerial tool for library professionals to study collection building and evaluating, ranking of journals, identification of core literature, to know the structure of literature, to identify prolific authors in a discipline, to observe obsolesce of literature, to study user behavior and forecast their future needs. It helps in bibliographic control and in preparing trend reports. It can also evaluate the research and other activities of the institutions. Started with simple statistical bibliography/librametrics, it has developed as informetrics, scientometrics. The latest information technology and online availability of data developed the area into webometrics.
The journal Nature distribute high-quality, spontaneously peer-reviewed research and reviews, as well as remark and reports, for the scientific research communities community. The Nature journal uses advanced technologies, innovative formats and first-class editing to grant cutting-edge, timely yet readable information for researchers in the public and private sectors, government agencies, educators, clinicians and the general public.
Nature journal has a close relationship with the wide range of the scientific community. By functioning with scientists, observing to what they say, and always placing insists on quality, nature journal is the foremost journal for innovative solutions to scientists information requirements.
The present study is a bibliometric analysis of the journal "Nature" for the period of 2013-2017. The journal was established itself as leading scientific journal around the world in the field of science. Nature is an international multidisciplinary scientific journal, founded by Alexander Macmillan and Daniel Macmillan published first on 4th November 1869, which is currently active from the UK. It is one of the topmost academic journals in the world. Nature is one of the topmost scientific journals having the high impact factor (40.137 in 2016 as per journal metrics report) in the world. The journal endeavors to bring recent trend in the wide range of scientific field. The frequency of the journal publication is weekly i.e. it publishes twelve volumes in a year and each volume has four or five volumes. (Jena, K.L. 2012).
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
There is the number of bibliometric studies is accessed related to single journal bibliometric study. Single journal bibliometric studies are presented different types of bibliometric measures. It is identified that most of the studies are reveals, article growth pattern, authorship pattern, the ranking of authors, the ranking of countries, the ranking of institutions, the degree of collaboration among authors, co-occurrences of keywords and so on. Citation analysis also typically used in single journal studies based on analysis of number and distribution of citations referenced per article during the study period; authorship pattern of citations; most cited authors; types of the document cited etc.
Alamelu, J. (2014) in her article Analytical study of library and information science journals- Annals of Library and Information Studies (ALIS) and DESIDOC Journal of Library and information technology (DJLIT). The study shows in begging year wise distribution of both source journals. There is 371and 542 article were published in both journals ALIS and DJLIT respectively during the study period. The maximum contribution of 43 articles (11.59%) published on 2010 and least contribution of 26 articles (7.01 %) published in 2006 by the ALIS journal. And by DJLIT highest number of 65 (11.99%) articles were published in the year 2012 and least contribution of 18(3.32%) articles were published in the year 2006. There are 170(45.825) of publications with two authored paper which occupy first place in ALIS journal. Similarly, DJLIT also published two authored paper with 225 (41.51%) articles. from the analysis reveals that both of two journals, the authors tend towards collaborative research with others. ALIS published 91(24.53%) articles in Information Communication Technology, E-Resource depth subject and DJLIT published 95(17.53%) articles in Library and Information Science & Information Literacy & ICT. In ALIS there are totally 6981 citations received and highest citation received in the year 2010 with 990 (14.18%) and by DJLIT, totally 7210 citations received and highest citation received in the year 973 (13.50%) in the year 2013. Form the analysis it's clearly known as journals are the most prepared form of the cited document type for both journals.
Gudodagi, S. C. (2014) made a bibliometric study of the article published in the Indian Journal of Marketing. The period of eight years has been taken for the study (2005-2012). The study reveals the facts of journal publications. There are 701 articles are published during the study period. Average of 88 articles were published during the study period. Maximum of 318 (45.36%) contributions are by double authors, followed by 311(44.36%) contributions are by single authors, three authors contributions are 61(8.70%) and more than three authors contributions are less than one percent. India was the dominant country to produce more (94.492%) number of publications to the source journal. More than half (401(57.20%)) of the publications are pages range from 5 to 8.
Kanchan Dinkar Desai (2014) carried out the research on 'Bibliometric analysis of DESIDOC Journal of Library and Information Technology (DJLIT) during 2012". The study reveals various facts such as the issue-wise distribution of papers, subject-wise distribution, authorship pattern, reference sources, length of the papers, special issues, institute-wise distribution, country-wise distribution, major contributors, research method/type & the average number of reference per paper, etc., Totally 65 articles were published during research period. There are 10.77% of articles were published related to open source followed by digital preservation 9.23% and so on. Form the research analysis majority (more than one authors were published 64%) of the authors were published their article in collaborative nature. Online resources are top most resources used by 28.85% of the authors for their research/study. And also the researchers found that facts about the length of the paper, special issues, institution-wise distribution, country-wise distribution and major contributors.
Kumar, T. (2013) conducted a study with 206 original contributions published in the journal of 'Library Trends' during 2007-2012, 'Library Trends' is the...
A BIBLIOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF CONTRIBUTIONS IN THE JOURNAL "NATURE".
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