Beyond Words

Date01 January 2019
1-2019 NEWS & ANALYSIS 49 ELR 10003
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Source: U.S. E  P  A, M-M F  Q   S  I
A: A T  R   F N C A ( EPA 4 30-R -17-001) (2017).
Annual economic impact estimates are shown for labor and air quality. e bar graph on the left shows national annual
damages in 2090 (in billions of 2015 dollars) for a higher scenario (RCP8.5) and lower scenario (RCP4.5); the dierence
between the height of the RCP8.5 and RCP4.5 bars for a given category represents an estimate of the economic benet to
the United States from global mitigation action.
U.S. Climate Damage and Mitigation Scenarios
Billions of Dollars
Labor Air Qualit y
Annual Economic Damages in 2090
Air Quality
Projected annual
cost savings due to
global mitigatio n
RCP4. 5
RCP4. 5
RCP8 .5
RCP8 .5
Change in Daily 8 -hour
Ozone Concentrat ions (ppb)
Change in Hours Worked (%)
-3 -2 -1 -0.5 0.5 1 2 3 4 5
-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0
Copyright © 2019 Environmental Law Institute®, Washington, DC. Reprinted with permission from ELR®,, 1-800-433-5120.

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