Auto bailouts, two years later: new study finds U.S. aid to the auto industry averted loss of more than one million jobs.

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Government assistance to General Motors and Chrysler enabled orderly bankruptcy proceedings and led to the saving of more than 1.14 million jobs in 2009 alone, according to a recently released Research Memorandum published by the Center for Automotive Research, (CAR), an Ann Arbor-based nonprofit research organization. The memorandum examines the magnitude of the economic impact of the U.S. policy to provide aid to the auto industry in 2008 and 2009 and weighs the public and private benefits against the public cost.

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CAR researchers modeled the impact of the $80 billion in U.S. aid to General Motors, Chrysler, GMAC and Chrysler Financial using actual economic performance for 2009 and 2010 year-to-date. In addition to the jobs saved in 2009, 314,400 more jobs were saved in 2010. Further, the government intervention prevented additional personal income losses totaling $71.9 billion for 2009 and $24.6 billion for 2010. The net impact to the federal government--in terms of changes in transfer payments, social security receipts and personal income taxes - was $21.6 billion in 2009 and $7.0 billion in 2010.

"To date, $13.4 billion in principal has been repaid on the government's $80 billion U.S. investment in the automotive industry. This study shows that S28.6 billion in net losses to the U.S. Treasury were averted by the policy to provide federal assistance to General Motors and Chrysler," said Sean McAlinden, executive vice president of research and chief economist at CAR. "With this in mind, CAR's analysis shows the government need only recover $38 billion of the remaining $66.6 billion outstanding investment in this industry to achieve a two-year break-even."

The study, which is available at cargroup.org was led by CAR researchers Kristin Dziczek, director of the labor and industry group...

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