Before taking initiative on this paper, first of all we will introduce Pakistan, where it is situated and what is the geographical location of this country in the world map. The great significance and its location in the world map, a land with an area of 770,875 square kilometres and water area of 25,220 square kilometres beautify this country as one of the most charming geographic zone in the world. Plateaus, Hills, forests, deserts and profound blend of landscapes from the coastal areas of the Arabian sea in the south to mountains of the Karakoram range in the north is the most beautiful geography of this country. As the target population of this paper is the university libraries of Islamabad. Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan and the second most beautiful capital of the world after London, it is located in the foot hills of the Margalla, a well-planned and modern city with God gifted natural scenery, the greenery is the biggest attraction for tourists visiting the city. The total area of Islamabad is 906 Sq. KM, which includes Urban and rural areas. The current Literacy rate of Islamabad is 88%.
ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency NETwork), is the pioneering authority of internet which can be traced back by the experience of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPANET). The internet was available at governmental and educational institutions until 1992. In the History of networks and networking communication, the internet was considered as paradigm shift (Ata-ur-Rehman 2011). In the beginning, there was web 1.0 application being used in various institutions. In the past, the usage of web 1.0 was a one-way communication and HTML was used to provide the read only information to the visitors through connecting networks. But, later on the advent of Web 2.0 technology were introduced as a two-way communication to connect the peoples and facilitate them the right information (Nicholas Joint 2009)
The DiNucci in her article "Fragmented future" highlighted that the web 2.0 was used for the first time in 1999, but in current use the term which she used does not related directly (Kebede H. Wordofa, 2012). In brain storming session of a conference which was held in 2004, O'Reilly the founder of O' Reilly media highlighted this term. But in 2005, the term was re-introduced by O'Reilly in its current use. According to him, there are seven underlying principles of Web 2.0 as cited in in his article What is Web 2.0 (Kebede H. Wordofa 2012). The central idea of web was presented by O'Reilly (i), he described that through web the contents could be shared and produced for consumers to use it, further he elaborated that social bookmarker, RSS Feeds, social networking and many other tools have been created for information sharing and communication on the basis of interoperability, Michael Casey who used the concept of library 2.0 in autumn 2005.
Problem Statement and Purpose of the Study
In the exploration and usage of these kind of technologies in the library setup of Pakistan, there is wide gap in the literature. The emerging use of Web 2.0 application in the whole world brought revolutions in every field, services in academic libraries have also been influenced by this these technologies. The Information professionals in Pakistan, use these kind of technologies partially or as a whole, keeping in mind the usage and applications of web 2.0 technology in the academic libraries at university level in Islamabad, this paper will be first in nature, which will provide basic information on Web 2.0 applications and similar technologies being implemented in the library services at university level.
The following Questions were asked while conducting this study:
* What type of Web 2.0 technology do you use in your academic library?
* What are the uses of Web 2.0 Technology in the academic libraries of Pakistan?
The study is based on survey. Top five subject experts were consulted on this issue. Topic, objectives and questionnaire were sent to these experts for their adept inputs. The changes suggested were incorporated accordingly before sending it to the participants. The google forms were used as a tool for data collection and the link of the forms were sent to the 100 participants (Library Professionals) of 43 public and private sector universities of Islamabad. The email addresses were taken from HEC Digital library pages, websites and Library pages of different universities. A Staff directory on each library page with staff email made this research more easy to contacting them directly. In response of 100 Questionnaires, only 72 had filled the questionnaire successfully and were sent back via emails. the data were scrutinized and tabulated using MS Excel 2010 and SPSS. .