Awareness and Use of E-journals by the Scientists of CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), Delhi, and Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB), Kolkata, India: A Comparative Study.

Author:Qasim, Jamal
 
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Introduction

Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), formerly known as Center for Biochemical Technology was established in 1977 with the objectives to translate concepts developed in basic biological research to commercially viable technologies. Principal areas of R&D include Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Functional Genomics, Molecular Medicine, Genome Informatics, Pharmacogenomics, Proteomics, Structural Biology, Comparative Genomics, Gene Expression, Recombinant DNA products, Nucleic Acids, peptide Chemistry, Environmental Biotechnology. It is an institute, where scientists, physicians and academicians can interact, complimenting each other, and generate new knowledge, develop technologies, and extend them for the benefit of society. CSIR-IGIB has made many significant contributions to the Indian Science, and is globally acknowledged, in certain areas of specialization. The long list of research publications of high average impact factor and the patent portfolio are testimony to the scientific caliber of the 60+ member scientists team of this institute. The research activities of the institute are business driven, in this new era of Biology, with significant industrial collaborations, and knowledge alliances, on the anvil.

CSIR--IGIB has the largest computing facility (4 Tflop/s) in Asia outside Japan (Ranked 158th among the World's Top 500 Super Computers). It is the first CSIR Institute to market bioinformatics software based on in-house R&D and a member of the consortium of leading global players engaged in research related to functional genomics, involved in the Pan-Asian Initiative: Study Genetic Similarities and Diversities in Asia. It has successful track record of public-private partnership (PPPs) and Business Models and sequencing the first Indian human genome. New vistas in offing includes setting up bio-incubator facility for scientist entrepreneur and start-up companies to nurture ideas, concepts and provide a platform for commercialization of products / processes and partnering with leading agencies to provide Virtual Training Programs in bioinformatics

CSIR-IGIB opens a new chapter with the inauguration of its new wing at South Campus. The lush green campus spread over 10 acres, boasts of a 200,000 sq. ft. laboratory building and a 100 seater student hostel of international standards

Library and Documentation Division: CSIR-IGIB library has a core collection of books and subscribes to core 50 scientific peer reviewed foreign print journals and 4,000 online journals through direct subscription as well as CSIR e-journal consortium, NKRC. E-journal packages subscribed includes world renowned databases like American Chemical Society, Annual Reviews, ASTM Standards, Derwent Innovation Index, IEEE, Nature Publishing Group, Oxford University Press, Questel-Q-PAT, Royal Society of Chemistry, Taylor and Francis, Web of Science and Wiley-Blackwell etc as well as recent databases and web servers like Spinocerebellar Ataxia (Locus Specific Variation Data), FishMap Zv8 (Zebra fish Genome Browser), MassWiz (analysis of mass spectrometry data for proteomics), miRacle, Gene Decipher (package for predicting genes), DNA VacS (tool for codon optimization), QuadFinder, QuadBase etc.

The total budget of CSIR-IGIB for periodicals for the year 2013 is Rs. 7,000,000 which is only 1/4th of total amount of subscription spent by the institute. The rest is paid by National Knowledge Resource Consortium (funded by Government of India). The Library uses Libsys Automation Software Package for computerization of its activities. CSIR-IGIB is having J-gate Custom Content for Consortia (JCC) access whereby online document delivery is taken care of and provide Delhi Library Network (DELNET) which is actively used by students/scientists of CSIR-IGIB.

Indian Institute of Chemical Biology:

IICB is one of the a premier Institute of 39 laboratories of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)--India's largest Research and Development organization established in 1935 as the first non-official centre in India for biomedical research and was included within the aegis of CSIR in 1956. CSIR-IICB now holds seven major scientific divisions: Cell Biology and Physiology, Infectious Disease and Immunology, Cancer Biology and Inflammatory Disorder, Chemistry, Drug Development, Diagnostics and Biotechnology, Molecular and Human Genetics, and Structural Biology and Bioinformatics.

The CSIR-IGIB is equipped with I.T. facilities and new technologies like Radius Server, Google Mailing Application, Bandwidth Management, RFID Technology, NMS Open View etc. CSIR-IICB has become the part of CSIR-NKN project. The bandwidth of CSIR-IICB network has been upgraded to 100 Mbps from NIC. The LAN has been upgraded with 10G backbone support. The WIFI Technology has been introduced at CSIR-IICB Campus as well as at NIPER Office and NIPER Hostel with 5.8 GHz RF link. About 400 users are having the facility of using Wi-Fi technology. CSIR-IICB has also implemented ERP application to all labs. In connection to the application, 20 TB SAN storage and 5 IBM servers have been implemented. The division looks after about 700 Nodes and will give the support in Hardware, Software and Network problems. Intranet website has been introduced for internal use, which includes various types of official works, administrative matters, office memos, news etc. and it is designed and maintained by computer division.

Library and Documentation Division:

With the establishment of Indian Institute of Medical Research on January 01, 1935, the Library and Documentation Division started its Journey as one of the prestigious departments. This library is perhaps, the biggest one on biomedical sciences in the eastern zone of India. Library and documentation division has gone metamorphosed gradually. It is maintaining print collection as well as procures electronic versions. Thus it is becoming a hybrid type of library.

It has collection of 13,906 books, 3,000+ e-journals, 223 printed journals, 32906 bound volumes, ADONIS (CD-Rom Database of 743 journals covering full text from 1991-2002), 3895 Annual Reports and 140 Thesis etc.

3000+ e-journal packages subscribed through consortium includes world renowned databases like American Chemical Society, Annual Reviews, ASTM Standards, Cambridge University Press, Derwent Innovation Index, Emerald, IEEE, Nature Publishing Group, Oxford University Press, Questel-Q-PAT, Royal Society of Chemistry, Taylor and Francis, Web of Science and Wiley-Blackwell etc. The total budget of CSIR-IGIB for periodicals for the year 2013 is Rs. 11,000,000 which is ^th of total subscription money contributed by the institute. The rest is paid by National Knowledge Resource Consortium (funded by Government of India).

Library functions and services are maintained in a computerized environment through library management software "LIBSYS" and Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) is also available. It provides Electronic Document Delivery Service, Literature Search Service, User' Awareness cum Training Programs. Besides, it has especial service that is Open Access Repository (IR) maintaining in E-prints for archiving peer reviewed journals articles, conference papers, theses and other research documents produced by CSIR-IICB researchers.

E-journals Consortium at CSIR: National Knowledge Resource Consortium

The National Knowledge Resources Consortium (NKRC) was started in 2001 with the objectives to provide access to the core high-ranked journals and databases in a more cost-effective manner; providing training and awareness on e-resources and build the institutional repository platform of all the 39 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and 24 Department of Science and Technology (DST) laboratories of India based on a common standard using D-Space open source software.

Today, NKRC is one of the biggest national resource consortia in terms of investment and its nodal partners in the global map that give. The 63 CSIR and DST laboratories and the NKRC projected 12th Five Year Plan budget outlay of Rs 440 crores are enough to emphasize the importance of NKRC in the national and global perspective.

The extent of full-text access that NKRC is giving to all its nodal institute members is worth over Rs 120 crores per year as against the average part investment of individual laboratories within the range Rs 1.5-2.5 crores per year, which was beyond imagination and expectation 10-12 years ago.

In present time, NKRC facilitates access to 5,000+ e-journals of all major publishers, patents, standards, citation and bibliographic databases. NKRC provides open access resources also to its users. Resources subscribed include publishers like M/s Blackwell, M/s Springer, M/s AIP, M/s ASCE & others, Journals/Conference Proceedings, Patents, Standards, and Databases like Web of Science, JCCC, & SCI-Finder and many more e-resources.

The consortium has conducted many awareness and training programs and developed a web portal for promoting the use of e-journals among CSIR scientists. As a result the usage has been increased in terms of downloads from 11,000 to 385,000 full text articles in a span of 5 years (2002 to 2007).

Building the IR (institutional repository) platform of the all 63 research organizations based on a common standard using D-Space open source software is another major objective of NKRC. The IR will be accessible from the NKRC single national window and will include pre-prints, electronic theses and dissertations, technical reports, annual reports/progress reports, special lectures/special publications, patents and standards, in-house journals in institutional primary information resources on the IR platform.

Review of Literature: Investigator reviewed only those studies which were similar to the present study or indirectly related to the present study at international and national level.

Global Status:

King et at. (2003)...

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