INTRODUCTION AND REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Latest technological development has brought a remarkable transformation in every field, and library science is not an exception to it. "Cloud-based services are set to transform the way libraries work, unleashing librarians from the admin burden to focus on services for students and researchers (JISC, 2011)". Cloud computing is not a new technology on the web but it is a new form of computing. Cloud computing is used by almost everyone those connected to internet on a regular basis. Whether they are using Google's Gmail, organizing photos on Picasa or searching the Web with Bing, they are engaged in cloud computing. "Cloud computing is a kind of computing technology which facilitates in sharing the resources and services over the internet rather than having these services and resources on local servers/ nodes or personal devices. The combination of servers, networks, connection, applications and resources is defined as 'cloud'. Cloud computing is acting as a resources pooling technology for accessing infinite computing services and resources as per demand of users and can be compare with models of pay as you use or utility model same as used for mobile services usages and electricity consumption." (Kaushik & Kumar, 2013). There are three service models of Cloud Computing such as Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), & Software as a Service (SaaS). IaaS offers necessary computing resources like (processing, storage, networks, and operating resources) over the Internet. PaaS offers platform (Google App Engine) to run the user created or acquired applications on the Internet. SaaS provides applications and software (Google Docs) on cloud which can be accessed through any device having web browser. According to (Mavodza, 2013) "libraries are using the cloud for putting together user resources, i.e. using Software as a Service (SaaS), such as in library catalogues, WorldCat, Googledocs, and the aggregated subject gateways like SUMMON, and others; the web Platform as a Service (PaaS) as in the use of GoogleApp Engine; or Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) as in the use of D-Space, FEDORA, and others. The cloud is confirmed as a facilitator in storing and accessing information in addition to providing a unified web presence with reduced local storage capacity challenges."
Few research studies has been made on cloud computing. Yuvraj (2013) made a survey to find, how librarians in Indian Central Universities are using Cloud Computing tools into their daily library services and works. Result show that librarians are heavily dependent on cloud computing tools and majority of them are using various devices and want to imply the same to improve library services. Again, economics, delivery models and service layers and the user's preference of cloud computing are the core drivers for using those applications in library, but majority of the librarians showed their concern over the security. Abid M.H. et.al (2012) made a survey in 4 different universities of Faisalabad, Pakistan to find, the perception and what sort of issue, the IT administrators can face while using cloud computing. Findings show that most of the participants are familiar with cloud computing but unfortunately some of them are not much clear due to lack of resources. 91% participants replied that using of cloud computing is a highly security risk. Mahalakshmi & Ally (2012) conducted a study to identify the awareness and applications of cloud computing by librarians of engineering colleges of coimbatore district and found that most of the respondents (98.2%) are aware of the term cloud computing and 87.7% of the respondents are aware of the application of cloud computing in libraries. Half of the respondents (52.6%) are of the opinion that it is feasible to apply cloud computing in libraries in Indian context.
Many studies have examined the overall concept of Cloud Computing. However, research on librarian's usage and acceptance level of Cloud Computing is not very significant. Again no study has been made before to find awareness and usage of cloud Computing among the library professionals in Odisha. The main purpose of this paper is to explore awareness and usage of cloud computing application among library professionals in University libraries
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE
In the present study "Awareness and usage of Cloud Computing Application by LIS professionals: A case study of University Libraries of Odisha" aims to find out the awareness and usage of cloud computing application among the university libraries of odisha.
2.1 Are the library professionals fairly familiar with the concept of cloud computing?
2.2 Whether the respondents are capable to evaluate and use different applications of cloud computing in libraries?
2.3 For what purpose these tools are used in maximum i.e. whether for personal purposes or professional purposes?
2.4 Whether any particular cloud computing applications are most used by particular university libraries or all the university libraries are using all the applications in the same proportion?
2.5 What kinds of benefits are they getting by implementing these applications on their library?
2.6 Which cloud services are being used by the university libraries of Odisha?
2.7 Which Cloud service provider is being using by university libraries most for "cloud computing operations"?
Till date some surveys are already done for investigating the usage of cloud computing in university libraries of India and abroad. But, there was no survey made earlier in Odisha. So, the investigator attempts to investigate the awareness and usage of Cloud Computing applications by LIS professionals of University libraries of Odisha.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:
The main Objective of the study is to make an investigation into the awareness, usage and attitude of LIS professionals towards cloud computing applications and their integration into the Library Operation and Services In the university libraries of Odisha.
However, the present investigation, among other things, intends to achieve the following objectives:
To find out the degrees of familiarity of the LIS professionals of university Libraries in Odisha, with Cloud Computing Application.
To find, the Purpose of Use of cloud computing by LIS Professionals in university libraries of Odisha
To find out the most popular Cloud Applications used by LIS professionals in the university Libraries of Odisha.
What are the obstacle and problems in utilizing cloud computing Applications by LIS professionals of university libraries of
In the present survey the structured online questionnaire was prepared using Google Docs. The survey comprised four categories of questions: Use of Internet, Awareness and usage of Cloud Computing Applications, Opinion of Library Professional about Cloud Computing Application in Library, Measures for Increasing Cloud Computing Awareness among People.
The questionnaire was distributed randomly among LIS professionals (Librarian, Deputy Librarian, Assistant librarians and Library technical assistants) working at 17 Indian University Libraries and a total of 56 responses were obtained from 17 University Libraries of Odisha. The data obtained from the survey are analyzed and the laid hypotheses are tested and also the findings are generalized.
SL. NO. NAME OF UNIVERSITES OF ODISHA 1. Sambalpur university, burla 2. Utkal...