Assessing the Impact of Public Policy on Homicide Rates in Brazil: The Case of PRONASCI Program

DOI10.1177/07340168211039006
Date01 December 2021
Published date01 December 2021
Article
Assessing the Impact
of Public Policy on Homicide
Rates in Brazil: The Case
of PRONASCI Program
Talita Egevardt de Castro
1
, Marcelo Justus
2
,
and Ana L ´
ucia Kassouf
3
Abstract
The current study evaluates the impact of the National Public Security with Citizenship Program
(PRONASCI) on the homicide rate in Brazilian municipalities. PRONASCI program was imple-
mented in Brazilian metropolitan regions and urban territories with high violent crime rates in 2007.
In this study, we have applied a spatial difference-in-differences model with matching approaches.
Municipalities that did not receive funds from the program made up the control group. We found
that the program was inefficient to reduce the homicide rate in all of the municipalities that had
received funds from it, compared to those that had not, even considering their potential spatial
spillover effects. This result was expected due to the program complexity, in particular due to its
ineffective management and the resistance from municipalities to change with the program.
Keywords
impact assessment, PRONASCI, spatial difference-in-differences, homicide rate
Introduction
The National Public Security with Citizenship Program (PRONASCI) was instituted by Law No.
11,530 of October 24, 2007, and amended by Law No. 11,707 of June 19, 2008, in Brazil. The
program articulated public security strategies and social actions, with the objective of developing
prevention and deterrence actions for policing, ranging from training for public security profession-
als to actions to promote citizenship and for crime levels reduction (Ruediger, 2013).
1
State University of Western Paran´
a, Francisco Beltra
˜o, Paran´
a, Brazil
2
Institute of Economics, University of Campinas, Sa
˜o Paulo, Brazil
3
Esalq, University of Sa
˜o Paulo, Brazil and Partnership for Economic Policy - PEP, Brazil
Corresponding Author:
Talita Egevardt de Castro, Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paran´
a, Rua Maring´
a, 1200, Francisco Beltra
˜o, Paran´
a 85605,
Brazil.
Email: talita.egevardt@gmail.com
Criminal Justice Review
ª2021 Georgia State University
Article reuse guidelines:
sagepub.com/journals-permissions
DOI: 10.1177/07340168211039006
journals.sagepub.com/home/cjr
2021, Vol. 46(4) 495–509

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