With the expansion of correctional capacity in recent years, the correctional field's attention has been focused on how to design, build and operate a large number of beds in the quickest and most efficient way possible. This has required those involved to learn more about one another's business and how they can work together more effectively.
I recently had the opportunity to speak to the American Institute of Architects about corrections professionals' needs for designing, building and operating facilities. I found it very interesting that more and more professionals are interested and involved in what used to be a very specialized segment of the architectural and construction industries.
In earlier times, master builders provided the single source of responsibility for design and construction. In this country, as time went on, we evolved to a more specialized way of delivering projects. The familiar linear approach became the way most institutions were accustomed to constructing new buildings and facilities. After World War II, the construction industry was fairly simple, highly fragmented and relatively unsophisticated.
In recent years, building has become much more complex with the fragmentation of the construction process and the rise of specialty contractors. Contracts have become more complex and litigation more commonplace. Understanding the basics of each of the delivery systems can help the consumer make an informed choice about what is best for his or her particular project.
For purposes of definition, construction project delivery simply is the way various players in the process structure their roles and responsibilities along with the allocation of risks and rewards.
Conventional wisdom on project delivery is changing. We are witnessing a change in the rules and bounds that affect design, construction and financing. We are traditionally guided by three major considerations: quality, cost and time. The various delivery methods directly affect those considerations. The roles of the owner, user and architect/engineer are changing. The contractual relationship chosen determines the degree of control each party has in the process. The more you control, the more you must manage.
Project delivery has been compared to ordering...