An assessment of the impact and visibility of United Arab Emirates Journals.

Author:Ahmad, Shakil

1) Introduction

Research findings and conclusions usually are published in eminent scientific journals to accredited outcomes, citation associations and work recognition. This is of value to experts, professionals, research groups, scientists, academicians, librarians, writers, and authors alike (Nagaraja & Vasanthakumar, 2011).

Quality of scientific research journals usually are monitored through suitable scientometric means. Recognized bibliometric indicators have their benefits and weaknesses. Largely employed indicators embrace: Journal Impact Factor or Eugene Garfield factor (JIF), Eigenfactor Score (ES), SCImago Journal Rank indicator, and H5 indicator (see Fig. 1). Several elements influence the number of citations of a journal, such as journal history and its indexing in an accredited database, rate of international cooperation, and country of publication (Ebadi & Schiffauerova, 2015; Jamali, Salehi- Marzijarani, & Ayatollahi, 2014).

JIF indicator is extensively used and is calculated annually by dividing the number of citations to articles published in the journal in the past two years, by the number of articles published in the journal in the same time frame (Garfield, 2006). Nonetheless, JIF has been criticized for its English-language bias and influence of self-citation (Ramin & Shirazi, 2012).

SJR indicator is based on an algorithm like Google's Page Rank. Citations are based on the Scopus database, spanning over a period of three years. SJR considers journal prestige and status, which gives more weight to citations for highly ranked journals (SCImago, 2017).

ES indicator provides added weight to citations from highly ranked journals, using an algorithm analogous to Google's Page Rank. Citations are based on the Web of Science database, covering a period of five years. Eigenfactor project's website allows access to ES values (Kim, 2016).

Google Scholar (2016) developed the H-5 index for ranking publications. A journal with an index of h has published at least h articles, each of which has been cited h times in other articles, for the period of the last five years.

2) Research objective

This research work addresses the quality metrics of selected United Arab Emirates Research Journals to establish their database coverage in Scopus and Web of Science and to compare, display discrepancies and draw suggestions interrelated to practical bibliometric factors such as JIF, ES, SJR and H5.

3) Materials and methods

Thirty-nine (39) United Arab Emirates Research Journals were reviewed in this study. Suitable information and data were collected from their original sites as presented within the 2015 journal ranking section of SCImago journal and country ranking website [3] provided by Scopus and Google Scholar Citations (GS) metrics and from Web of Science (4) (WoS) Core Collection official website and citations, ISI (5)--and Scopus-indexed journals. It need to be pointed out that the mere inclusion of scientific journals in the ISI does not necessarily lead to an increase in international visibility (Reza Davarpana & Behrouzfar, 2009), (Pouris, 2005), (Andrei, Teodorescu, & Mirica, 2016).

Correlations and links among indicators were assessed using Pearson's and Pearson's' correlation coefficients from the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0, 2012 release.

4) Results and discussion

The chosen United Arab Emirates Research Journals covered areas of: agriculture, Alzheimer Research, Analytical Chemistry, Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, bioinformatics, cancer, computer-aided drug design, combinatorial chemistry, drug delivery, drug design & discovery, drug medicinal chemistry, drug metabolism, endocrine metabolic, food, gene therapy, genomics, high throughput screening, HIV research, immune disorders-drug targets, molecular medicine, medicinal chemistry, medicinal chemistry, medical imaging, nanoscience, nanotechnology, neuropharmacology, neurovascular research, organic synthesis, organic chemistry, pharmaceutical analysis, pharmaceutical biotechnology, pharmaceutical design, protein & peptide science, protein and peptide, proteomics, stem cell research & Therapy, and vascular...

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