An assessment of the use of radio and other means of information dissemination by the residents of Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti-State, Nigeria.

Author:Familusi, Ezekiel Babatope
Position:Report
 
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INTRODUCTION

Information is very important in any society it is a veritable tool in the realization of individual, corporate and societal objectives or goal. Goldfrab (2006) opined that information is a valuable resource required in any society; thus acquiring and using information are critical and important activities. Users of information use it for different reasons. Some use it for health; others use it for advancement in knowledge, others for politics. Issa (1997) cited Muhammed, (1994) opined that it is a vital resource which provides impetus for a nation social, cultural, spiritual, political, economic, scientific and technological advancement greater socio-political equity; efficient governance, power and fellowship. Thus, one can rightly infer from above that information has always played an important role in human life; hence a basic human need.

Information means different things to different people, some it may be in form of news on radio or television, and the print media, to some it may be a medical report which may be used for taking health decision, to an investor, financial report of an organization as a vital information to decide whether to stake ones investment in such or to divest, to some is the stock analysis and daily trading in the stock market. To law enforcement agents information to them is a tool to carry out thorough investigation and absence of the timely and up-to-date information and lead to loss of life and properties. Information is now accepted as an important factor in the sustained development of any society because it reduces uncertainty, and enhances awareness of possible actions to take to solve problems. Lack of information is argued to act as a barrier to development because of importance of information provision in "capacity building" and "empowering communities" (Apata and Ogunrewo, 2010) cited Wakelin & Simelane, (1995) and Adimorah, (1995)

Information needs, accessibility, utilization is being dictated by circumstances man finds himself. The environment that people interact with from the cradle of civilization portends serious challenges to man in the process of achieving his daily goals and objectives in the areas of economic, social, cultural and spiritual wellbeing. Information itself is not mobile but needs a vehicle of dissemination from one man to another and from one distance to another. Issa (1997) affirmed that information has to be widely disseminated regardless of whether one is an urban or rural inhabitant. The medium of this dissemination could be called a channel. Channels of information communication are interpersonal man to man through signals, signs, beckoning, language, eye contact, town criers most especially in the primitive days and in villages. Advancement in technology has made it possible for human being to communicate easily irrespective of geographical location through the aid of telephones, telegram, fax, radiophone, television, e-mail, telex, internet, intranet, computer etc.

Popoola (2009) asserts that information is a critical economic resource when utilised is capable of increasing the knowledge state of an individual in decision making. Information is a processed data that assists individuals and managers in taking the right decisions to enhance and improve job productivity amidst the above listed information products and services. This study intends to lay emphasis on the place of transistor radio among other channels of information dissemination in Ado- Ekiti, Nigeria

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Advent of radio have tremendously transformed the way information is disseminated, prior to its invention, people most especially in primitive Africa society had their peculiar way of disseminating information such as the use of town criers and assembling people in strategic locations in the village such as market square to disseminate information to them. In primitive Yoruba society, different signs and objects were used to disseminate information. Colonial masters brought radio to ease their administration and ever since it has been to pass information from government to the citizen and people use it to disseminate social and religious programmes because of its capability to reach large audience. Advancement in information and communication technology has brought other means of information dissemination such as television, internet, mobile phones, fax, telex, telegram among other. The question is, with these mirage of means of disseminating information, how relevant is radio and what are the most preferred means of information dissemination among the residents of Ado-Ekiti and the cost of accessing information by the people.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The objectives of this study are to:

Find out the significance of transistor radio in information dissemination;

Educate the masses that information is very cheap and affordable to everybody;

Investigate the most available, accessible, affordable and usable in providing access to information to the residents of Ado-Ekiti and;

Identify problems encounter in accessing information using these media and the possible solutions

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. Radio is an important tool in disseminating information to the residents of Ado-Ekiti?

  2. Information can be accessed with little or no cost to everybody in Ado-Ekiti?

  3. Which of the following is the most accessible, affordable and usable in providing access to information among the residents of Ado-Ekiti?

  4. What are the problems encountered in accessing information by the residents of Ado-Ekiti

LITERATURE REVIEW BRIEF HISTORY OF RADIO IN NIGERIA

Radio started in Nigeria with the introduction of the Radio Distribution in the year 1933 in Lagos by the British colonial government under the Department of Post and Telegraphs (P&T). The Radio Distribution system, (RDS) was a reception base for the British Broadcasting Corporation and a relay station, through wire systems with loudspeakers at the listening end. In 1935, the Radio Distribution System was changed to Radio Diffusion System with the aim of spreading the efforts of the Britain and her allies during the Second World War through the BBC. The Ibadan station was commissioned in 1939, followed by the Kano station in 1944. Later a re-appraisal of radio broadcast objectives gave birth to the establishment in 1950 of the Nigerian Broadcasting Service (NBS). The NBS began broadcast in Lagos, Ibadan, Kaduna, Kano and Enugu on shortwave and medium wave transmitters. Through a bill by the House of Representatives, the Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) was established in 1956. The NBC took up the responsibilities of radio broadcast in Nigeria. The Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) was established in 1978. The Voice of Nigeria (VON) which served as the external service was established in 1990. With the creation of more states and each state wanting to propagate its people and culture, the place for radio broadcast began in Nigeria and has spread fast across the length and breadth of the nation. Each state owns and operates at least one radio station. In Ekiti state, Ado-Ekiti is the State capital can boast of two radio corporation station namely Broadcasting Corporation of Ekiti State established in 1997 and Progress FM Ilokun, Ado-Ekiti established in 2003. (Udomisor, 2013 and BSES, 1998)

Transistor radio was the premier channel of information communication. It has been in use several decades before the invention of other information communication channels. Its existence could be dated back to the twentieth century. Wikipedia (2012) asserted that a transistor is a semi conductor device with at least these terminals per connection to an electric circuit. The first patent for the field effect principle was filed in Canada by Austrian Hungarian Physicist Julius Edigar Lilienfeld on October, 22, 1925. Lilienfeld (1925) opined that the invention of the transistor was filed in 1925 but Lilienfield published no research articles about his devices and his work was ignored by industry.

Tracing the historical development of radio from distribution system to radio diffusion or radio fusssion and transistor radio dry cell battery was the only source of power and its radio batteries are very cheap and readily available even in the most remote areas of Nigeria but now digital radio had replaced the transistor radio. However, black and white television was invented and source of power is electricity or via a generating set. It consumes a high electric voltage. As civilization unfolds, the technological development has transform black and white into coloured digital television. Luppa (1997) asserted that anything digital exists because we are able to reduce it to components that are either ones or zeros (10101010) computer works became every piece of information that exists in them has already been translated into sets of ones and zeros. Unfortunately, from a television broadcast point of view, making the move to digital television means replacing every single piece of analogue functioning broadcasting equipment to digital which may be very expensive.

Anifowose (2013) asserted that communication involves the process by which information and understanding are transferred from one person to another. It is the basis for all human interaction for all group functioning. Radio remains a medium in development communication usually employed by the development officers or experts for the dissemination of relevant development messages, especially for rural audience. He further argued that radio can be multi-faceted as among other things, it can serve to pass messages, improve the capability of calling upon and organizing groups and organizations, enlarge the forum for social dialogue, provide effective capability building of the community to raise awareness and knowledge of community issues, bring the people's...

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