Journals have occupied a significant position in the scholarly communication system. Though with the passage of time, the mode of delivery of scholarly communication has changed from oral to the written and then from print to electronic, the importance of journals has remained unchanged and unaffected. Library and information science (LIS) journals are one of the primary resources for communication that allows professionals in the field to exchange new ideas and to put forth their views on future developments in librarianship. With the recent advances in information technology, more and more LIS journals are appearing in electronic form alongside print form facilitating access to all categories of users. These LIS journals play an important role both in LIS education and in the development of librarianship practice. Journal articles are accorded greater prestige and merit within the scholarly community, relative to other forms of disseminating research findings. As such, analysis of such research articles has attracted the attention of the academic community in almost all fields of knowledge. It is pointed out by (Anyi, Zainab & Anuar, 2002) that, "when a single journal is studied bibliometrically, it creates a portrait of the journal, providing a description that offers an insight that is beyond the superficial. It can indicate the quality, maturity, and productivity of the journal in any field, in a country or region. It also informs us about the research orientation that it supports to disseminate. The journal being studied is regarded as important or significant in the field, important enough to be studied, to make inferences that the journal speaks for authors who publish in the field and somehow reflect the activity of research in the field. The journal being studied is often assessed on its quality characteristics, the degree of impact it achieves in a field, its ability to diffuse knowledge, the authorship and collaboration pattern it projects in the field, its national or international standing". Taking insight from such kinds of single journal analysis, the present study examines the publication pattern of Top 25 hottest articles (T25-HA) published in the journal "Information Processing and Management" during the period 2008-2013.
Bibliometric study of single journals covering a period of time is a favoured topic of research for the scholarly community not only in LIS field but also in other academic disciplines. An increased demand is perceived within many academic communities for bibliometric analysis in the evaluation of research productivity. The number of publications using the bibliometric analysis as a tool has been rising steadily during recent years. Review of Literature for the present study covers publications on single journal bibliometric analysis in Library & Information Science, bibliometric analysis in several other disciplines, works on relationship between article download and citations as well as works on impact and quality of articles, impact of multi-authored works, institutional research productivity etc. The LIS journals of international nature studied bibliometrically are: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, (Tsay, 2008); Journal of Documentation (Tsay & Shu, 2011; Roy & Basak, 2013); Malaysian Journal of Library And Information Science (Tiew, Abdullah & Kaur, 2001; Bakri & Willett, 2008; Maharana & Das, 2013); African Journal of Library, Archives and Information Science (Tella & Olabooye, 2014); Internet Research (Swain, 2013); JASIST, IPM, JOD (Tsay, 2011); Journal of Information Science (Tsay, 2011); Library Trends (Das, 2013); Library Philosophy and Practice (Thanuskodi, 2010; Verma, Sonker & Gupta, 2015); Library Review (Swain, Swain & Rautaray, 2013); Reference Services Review (Mahraj, 2012; Clark, 2016); The Electronic Library (Negi, 2017). The journals of national nature are: Library Herald (Thanuskodi, 2011; Kumar, 2014); IASLIC Bulletin (Panda, Mohanty & Sahoo, 2011); Pakistan Journal of Library and Information Science (Warraich & Ahmad, 2011). DESIDOC Journal of Library and Information Technology (Kumar & Moorthy, 2011; Pandita, 2014; Bapte, 2017); International Research: Journal of Library and Information Science (Shukla, Moyon, 2017); and Pearl: A Journal of Library and Information Science (Singh, 2017).
2.1. LIS journals studied Bibliometrically
Tiew, Abdullah and Kaur (2002) studied the "Malaysian Journal of Library and Information Science"(MJLIS) covering the period 1996-2000. Bakri and Willett (2008) analysed publication and citation patterns of the journal MJLIS from 2001-2006 and compared the results with those obtained in an earlier study by Tiew, Abdullah and Kaur (2002). Tsay (2008) explored the relationship between "Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology" (JASIST) and other disciplines by citation analysis. The results revealed that JASIST itself is the most highly cited journal followed by four LIS journals, namely "Information Processing and Management ", "Journal of Documentation", "Annual Review of Information Science and Technology" and "Journal of Information Science". Thanuskodi (2010) did a bibliometric study of 249 articles published during the period from 2005-09 in the journal "Library Philosophy and Practice" and the results revealed that the highest number of articles have appeared in the area of computer application in library and information science. Tsay& Shu (2011) studied the journal bibliometric characteristics of the "Journal of Documentation" (JOD) and the subject relationship with other disciplines by citation analysis. Another study for the same JOD conducted by Roy & Basak (2013) revealed that majority of papers are multi-authored. The geographical distribution reveals that the contribution by the United Kingdom is the highest. Tsay (2011) studied the bibliometric characteristics of the "Journal of Information Science" (JIS) and made a citation analysis of the journal to find out the subject relationship of LIS with other disciplines. Publication output, authorship pattern, subject coverage of publications, institutional productivity citation analysis etc. are the different dimensions of bibliometric studies conducted across the LIS journals of national nature. Isiakpona (2012) conducted abibliometric study of "Library & Information Science Research Electronic Journal" and results revealed that, most of the articles were within the general subject area of Library and Information Science and were written by a single author and the majority of the publications were contributed by authors affiliated to universities. Das (2013) conducted a bibliometric study of 206 articles published in the journal "Library Trends" from 2007-2012. Results show that majority of authors preferred to publish their research results in individual authorship mode. Tella & Olabooye (2014) in their study of "African Journal of Library, Archives & Information Science " indicated that the majority of the articles were theoretical papers, while the others were empirical papers, book reviews, and short communications. Verma, Sonker and Gupta (2015) conducted a bibliometric study of the e-journal Library Philosophy and Practice and found that there is a predominance of single authored works and highest number of articles are published on library services. Negi (2017) examined the articles published in the journal "The Electronic Library" during 2007-2016 and explored contribution of Indian authors' in the journal and found that the authors of India have contributed 101 articles out of 576 articles which are quite appreciative. All the reviewed journals give a vivid account of the publication pattern and research orientation of the respective journals.
2.2. Journals in Other disciplines studied bibliometrically
Apart from LIS journals, bibliometric studies conducted in other disciplines for journals like: Journal of Advanced Nursing (Zeleznik, Vosner&Kokol, 2017); Journal of Business Research (Merigo et al., 2015); Computers in Human Behavior (Vosner, et al., 2016); Information Sciences (Yu, et al., 2017) International Journal of Intelligent Systems (Merigo, et al., 2017); International Journal of Mental Health Systems (Minas, et al., 2014); Journal of Mathematical Chemistry (Restrepo & Willett, 2017); and Journal of School Health (Zhang, et al., 2017) Computers & Industrial Engineering (Cancino et al., 2017).While Zeleznik, Vosner &Kokol (2017) identified the most prolific authors, papers, institutions and countries of Journal of Advanced Nursing, Merigo et al., (2015) highlighted on the publication pattern, citation structure and the most cited articles in the Journal of Business Research, Vosner, et al., (2016) focused on the trends of research literature production, the established patterns of cooperation among countries and institutions and the most productive research themes and their evolution through time using VOS viewer software. Yu, et al., (2017) studied the most cited authors, most representative articles, top influential institutions, the co-citation network of knowledge structure and emerging trends of research of INS using CiteSpace, a data visualization software. Using VOS viewer, Merigo, et al., (2017) depicted the bibliographic coupling of authors and co-citation of documents in IJIS. Minas, et al., (2014) studied the geographic reach and international collaboration of the Journal of Mental Health Systems. Restrepo & Willett (2017) focused on the citation impact of the articles and the cognate areas from the citations come from in the journal of Mathematical Chemistry. Zhang et al. (2017) highlighted on the cooperation network of high frequency authors using CiteSpace. Cancino et al., (2017) identified the leading trends of the journal Computers & Industrial Engineering (CIE) in terms of impact, topics, universities and...
An Analytical Study on the Publication Pattern and Impact of Top Research Papers: A Case Study of Information Processing and Management.
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