ABOUT THE AUTHOR
JUSTICE GERALD LEBOVITS
JUSTICE GERALD LEBOVITS has been a New York City judge since 2001. An
acting Supreme Court justice in Manhattan, he is president of the New York
State Association of Acting Supreme Court Justices. Before that he was the
president of the Board of Judges of the New York City Civil Court and the New
York City Association of Housing Court Judges. He also served as a Manhattan
Criminal Court judge.
Justice Lebovits has been an adjunct professor of law for 35 years, currently
at Columbia, Fordham, and NYU. e students at Fordham, New York Law
School, and St. John’s have each elected him Adjunct Law Professor of the Year.
e author of seven books and more than 300 articles, Justice Lebovits has given hundreds of lectures on evidence,
legal writing, ethics, criminal practice, civil practice, and landlord-tenant law for judges, bar associations, and gov-
ernment agencies across the United States and in Canada, Kenya, Mexico, and Qatar.
Justice Lebovits has a B.A. in law (1976), two certicates in law (1978), and a license in law (1979) from Canada
(where he is from). He also has two graduate U.S. law degrees, from Tulane (1980) and NYU (1986).
Justice Lebovits gratefully acknowledges the contributions of Joseph Buonadonna, Jonathan Katz, Rosemarie
Ferraro, and Julian Rodriquez:
Joseph Buonadonna. Joe graduated from the University of Florida, Warrington College of Business, in 2019.
He was a judicial fellow for Judge Lebovits in New York State Supreme Court in 2021. He is currently a
third-year student at Fordham University School of Law. He serves as Editor-in-Chief and Symposium
Chair of the Fordham Sports Law Forum, and as the Law Antitrust Ambassador for the ABA Antitrust
Jonathan Katz. Jonathan is a junior at Fordham College in the Bronx, New York. He served as a judicial
intern for Judge Lebovits in 2021 and, among many other extracurriculars, currently serves as a legal clerk
for Fordham’s Oce of Legal Counsel and as the business administrator of the Fordham Undergraduate
Law Review. He is a Dean’s List student with plans to attend law school upon completing his bachelor’s
degree in international political economy and economics.
Rosemarie Ferraro. Rose graduated from the University of Richmond in 2020. She was a judicial intern for
Judge Lebovits in 2017 and served as his Assistant Director of Legal Writing at the U.S.-China Legal
Exchange Foundation in 2020 and 2021. She is currently pursuing a master’s degree in U.S. foreign policy
and national security at American University’s School of International Service.
Julian Rodriguez. Julian contributed to every chapter in editions 18-21. He graduated from SUNY Bing-
hamton University in 2012 and is an honor’s graduate of St. John’s University School of Law, where he
served on the Law Review. Currently, he is an associate at Greenberg Traurig, LLP.
Justice Lebovits would also like to thank the following students, who interned for him in the summer of 2019,
for their exceptional contributions researching and editing this book: Audrey Felton (Fordham College), Matthew
Goldberg (Brooklyn Law School), Isaac Marks (Cardozo School of Law), Caroline Morris (Fordham College),
Lindsey Neuberger (Fordham University School of Law), and Lorenzo Paganetti (Columbia Law School).
Justice Lebovits dedicates this book to his beloved wife and inspiration, Margaret A. Chan, also a Manhattan
Supreme Court justice and Fordham adjunct professor of law.
— Gerald Lebovits