11.20 - IX. Avoid Witness Intimidation

JurisdictionNew York

IX. AVOID WITNESS INTIMIDATION

Criminal trials are rough-and-tumble end products of all that has occurred outside the courtroom. Subornation of perjury by either counsel is a crime. Witness tampering is a crime. Intimidation of witnesses, in particular defense witnesses, is reversible error, probably per se reversible error because it is intentional, and it is impossible for a court to separate harmful from harmless intimidation.1866


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Notes:

[1866] . Webb v. Texas, 409 U.S. 95 (1972); Giles v. California, 128 S. Ct. 2678, 2683 (2008); Demps v. Wainwright, 805 F.2d 1426, 1433 (11th Cir. 1986); Peeler v. Wyrick, 734 F.2d 378, 381 (8th Cir. 1984); United States v. Blackwell, 694 F.2d 1325, 1341–43 (D.C. Cir. 1982); United States v. Morrison, 535 F.2d 223, 228 (3d Cir. 1976); United States v. Hammond, 598 F.2d 1008, 1013 (5th Cir. 1979); United States v. Thomas, 488 F.2d 334, 336 (6th Cir. 1973); Bray v. Peyton, 429 F.2d 500, 501 (4th Cir. 1970); People v. Shapiro, 50 N.Y.2d 747, 757–62, 431 N.Y.S.2d 422, 427–30...

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