Public Administration Review
- Publication date:
- Nbr. 79-5, September 2019
- Nbr. 79-4, July 2019
- Nbr. 79-3, May 2019
- Nbr. 79-2, March 2019
- Nbr. 79-1, January 2019
- Nbr. 78-6, November 2018
- Nbr. 78-5, September 2018
- Nbr. 78-4, July 2018
- Nbr. 78-3, May 2018
- Nbr. 78-2, March 2018
- Nbr. 78-1, January 2018
- Nbr. 75-3, May 2015
- Nbr. 75-2, March 2015
- Nbr. 75-1, January 2015
- Nbr. 74-6, November 2014
- Nbr. 74-5, September 2014
- Nbr. 74-4, July 2014
- Nbr. 74-3, May 2014
- Nbr. 74-2, March 2014
- Nbr. 74-1, January 2014
- American Society for Public Administration Code of Ethics
- What a Difference a Grade Makes: Evidence from New York City's Restaurant Grading Policy
Can governments use grades to induce businesses to improve their compliance with regulations? Does public disclosure of compliance with food safety regulations matter for restaurants? Ultimately, this depends on whether grades matter for the bottom line. Based on 28 months of data on more than 15,000 restaurants in New York City, this article explores the impact of public restaurant grades on economic activity and public resources using rigorous panel data methods, including fixed‐effects models with controls for underlying food safety compliance. Results show that A grades reduce the probability of restaurant closure and increase revenues while increasing sales taxes remitted and decreasing fines relative to B grades. Conversely, C grades increase the probability of restaurant closure and decrease revenues while decreasing sales taxes remitted relative to B grades. These findings suggest that policy makers can incorporate public information into regulations to more strongly incentivize compliance.
- Celebrating 79 Years
- Measuring and Managing Ex Ante Transaction Costs in Public Sector Contracting
Transaction cost attributes, such as the complexity of the product being purchased, shape the risk that government contracts will fail. When transaction cost risks are particularly strong, a common prescription is to avoid contracting altogether or, if it is unavoidable, to spend additional resources on contract management activities. This article presents evidence on the size and variability of governments' ex ante transaction cost spending, using original data from 72 contracts issued by 47 Danish local governments. Ex ante transaction costs average 2.7 percent per contract and are relatively higher when services are more complex and lower when governments have prior contracting experience and contracts were larger. The analyses suggest the importance of distinguishing between transaction cost attributes and governments' choices to spend resources in response to them. Effective management spending in the face of transaction costs can help governments organize and capture value from contracting with private businesses.
- Pay for Success: Diffusion of Policy Innovation for Social and Economic Stability
Across the United States, communities struggle with numerous social and environmental issues, while the funding to address these issues continues to diminish. Therefore, actors inside and outside of government are seeking new policy solutions to persistent social problems. Significant hurdles to new policies exist, however, including a lack of funding and a reluctance to take on the risks inherent in implementing new programs. A recent innovation in the policy sphere, pay‐for‐success (PFS) financing, has been able to overcome these hurdles. Policy innovation does not come easily, though, and change within government is often slow and methodical. What catalyzes jurisdictions to engage with PFS? By developing an understanding of the mechanisms and processes of PFS, diffusion scholars and practitioners can facilitate innovation within jurisdictions. Such innovation, which the federal government has an opportunity to facilitate, is necessary to shift business‐as‐usual service provision and enable greater social, environmental, and economic stability.
- Determinants of Public Administrators' Use of Performance Information: Evidence from Local Governments in Florida
Performance management has been a focus of scholars and practitioners for more than 25 years, yet the use of performance information has not greatly expanded as a result of this attention. Acknowledging that performance measurement is not an end in itself but rather a means to enhance focus on results and value, this article evaluates the determinants of the use of performance information by local government administrators. An online survey was administered to local government employees involved in the 2015–16 Florida Benchmarking Consortium. Analysis of the data demonstrates that institutionalization of performance measurement has the strongest statistically significant positive association with the use of performance information, followed by the design adequacy of the performance measurement system.
- F. C. Simon, Meta‐Regulation in Practice: Beyond Normative Views of Morality and Rationality (Abingdon: Routledge, 2017). 240 pp. $45.95, ISBN: 1315308894
- Information for Contributors
- Revitalize the Public Service, Revitalize the Middle Class
The reinventing government movement of the 1990s reshaped the public sector in significant ways. Creating a government that worked better and cost less was accomplished through streamlined federal middle management ranks and privatized service delivery, which contributed to the emergence of a “hollow state.” Workforce reductions that addressed short‐term economic realities effectively threatened the long‐term sustainability of governmental organizations and the communities they serve. A variety of forces are now ushering in a new era of hollow government, including a changing context for public work, shifting bureaucratic expectations, and reduced capacity for workforce management. The public sector and its employees represent an important contributor to the vitality of our economy and communities. Revitalizing the public sector workforce is critical for revitalizing the middle class, and both represent urgent policy priorities.
- Bowling Alone, Rigor, and the Decline of Social Capital in Academic Service
- Framing Effects under Different Uses of Performance Information: An Experimental Study on Public Managers
Combining insights from public administration, accounting, and psychology, this article explores the microprocesses by which public managers use performance information, investigating whether the type of performance information use and the request to justify decisions affect the way in which...
- Public Value Governance: Moving Beyond Traditional Public Administration and the New Public Management
A new public administration movement is emerging to move beyond traditional public administration and New Public Management. The new movement is a response to the challenges of a networked, multisector, no‐one‐wholly‐in‐charge world and to the shortcomings of previous public administration...
- How Voluntary Environmental Programs Reduce Pollution
This article investigates the mechanisms that voluntary environmental program (VEP) participants adopt to reduce pollution. The focus of this article is the 33/50 program, a VEP introduced by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 1991 and discontinued in 1995. The program called for emissions ...
- Public Value and the Integrative Mind: How Multiple Sectors Can Collaborate in City Building
Creating the public realm in an era of constrained resources demands a level of cooperation among multiple sectors rarely seen before and a recognition that the boundaries between what we have considered “public” and “private” have become porous and blurred. A number of recent projects on either...
- Public Administration Challenges in the World of AI and Bots
Technology‐driven disruption is taking place at a pace and scale not witnessed before in history. Waves of technology, such as the internet of things, big data, machine learning, and artificial intelligence, are reshaping our personal and professional lives in profound ways. A new world is emerging ...
- Administrators’ and Elected Officials’ Collaboration Networks: Selecting Partners to Reduce Risk in Economic Development
Networks play an important role in collaboration, but previous work has not examined the different roles of elected and appointed officials in these networks. This article investigates local economic development policy networks to address (1) the extent to which the structure of relationships...
- The Effect of Administrative Burden on Bureaucratic Perception of Policies: Evidence from Election Administration
This article argues that administrative burden—that is, an individual's experience of policy implementation as onerous—is an important consideration for administrators and influences their views on policy and governance options. The authors test this proposition in the policy area of election...
- Information Technology, Public Administration, and Citizen Participation: The Impacts of E‐Government on Political and Administrative Processes
- Corruption as Resource Transfer: An Interdisciplinary Synthesis
Despite significant investment in anticorruption instruments in the past decades, confusion about their effectiveness remains. While a growing body of scholarship claims that anticorruption reforms have generally failed, other scholars have shown that particular anticorruption tools may actually...
- Policy Feedback and the Politics of Administration
This article surveys the policy feedback framework developed in political science and clarifies its implications for public administration. A feedback perspective encourages us to ask how policy implementation transforms the webs of political relations that constitute governance. Administrators...