Nigeria: agency and diversity.

Author:Zulu, Itibari M.
Position::Column
 
FREE EXCERPT

We are pleased to present this special edition on Nigeria (officially, the Federal Republic of Nigeria), a nation with the largest population in Africa with about 120 million, and with a great diversity of cultures, ways of life, cities and terrain. With a total land area of 923,768 sq. km. (356,668 sq. mi.) Nigeria is the 14th largest nation in Africa. Its coastline, on the Gulf of Guinea, stretches 774 km (480 mi.). Nigeria shares its international border of 4,470 km (2513 mi.) with four neighbors: Chad, Cameroon, Benin, and Niger. Until 1989 the capital was Lagos, with a population of about 2,500,000, but the government recently moved the capital to Abuja.

In terms of history almost all the people of Africa are represented in Nigeria, hence it was in Nigeria that people migrated from southern and central Africa, intermingled with the Sudanese. And also other groups such as Shuwa-Arabs, the Tuaregs, and the Fulanis, who are concentrated in the far north, entered northern Nigeria in migratory waves across the Sahara Desert. The earliest occupants of Nigeria settled in the forest belt and in the Niger Delta region. Today there are estimated to be more than 250 ethnic groups in Nigeria. While no single group enjoys an absolute numeric majority, four major groups constitute 60% of the population: Hausa-Fulani in the north, Yoruba in the west, and Igbo in the east. Other groups include the Kanuri, Binis, Ibibio, Ijaw, Itsekiri, Efik, Nupe, Tiv, and the Jukun.

Here we will not review all the aspects of the nation, but instead, offer a sample of some of the current issues and concerns of the nation as it struggles to meet the needs of its citizenry.

Hence, Mitterand M. Okorie and Oluwaseun Bamidele in "Language and Class Resistance in Nigeria: A Foucauldian Perspective" draw from discourse theory to analyze how class resistance, through the use of subversive language(s) manifests within the Nigerian socio-political landscape to discover a nexus between the use of Nigerian Pidgin English (and slang language) among the dominated class and the circumvention of social norms. Next, we have "Morphological Processes in Anaku Igbo: Situating Universality" by Ifeoma Obuasi is a discussion of the copious examples of morphological processes available in Anaku, an Igbo language variety based on some universal morphological processes, thus, utterances were collected through oral interview and analyzed using the descriptive approach; and the findings reveal that most...

To continue reading

REQUEST YOUR FREE TRIAL