- Foreign Policy Association
- Publication date:
- First document:
- Nbr. 325, April 2004
- Last document:
- Nbr. 330, October 2007
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- India at Sixty a Positive Balance Sheet
With its profusion of languages, ethnic groups and regional diversities, with its unique caste system, with its contrast between information technology and industry billionaires and the nearly 300 million people who live below the poverty line, with its mixture of Mahatma Gandhi's nonviolent philosophy and outbreaks of savage communal violence, and with its success as a parliamentary democracy despite having 400 million people who cannot read or write, India remains a bewilderingly complex country. A powerful moral leader as well as a wily politician, Gandhi wanted Indians to be proud of their past, to wear Indian rather than foreign dress, to challenge their colonial overlords through peaceful protest and noncooperation and not through violence, and to eliminate discrimination against...
- Talking It Over
- Annotated Reading List
In 1947, THE BULLETIN OF THE ATOMIC SCIENTISTS, a magazine founded by nuclear scientists based in Chicago who had worked on the first atomic bomb, created a Doomsday Clock to signal, in their view, how close the world had come to nuclear catastrophe. In 2006, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists still publishes and its editors still set the Doomsday Clock, whose minute hand has, over time, moved closer to or further away from midnight depending on their assessment of the current nuclear danger--for 2006, as in 1947, the clock stands at seven minutes to midnight. Here, Bee discusses various issues about the future of nuclear weapons, whether and how they might get used in anger, by design or by accident.
- 1: Four Fearful Nuclear Races
Bee discusses the four fearful and separate yet overlapping nuclear races, which describe the world's experience with nuclear weapons since World War II. The first, involving the US, Britain and Nazi Germany, began during World War II and ended with the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The second, between the US and the Soviet Union, began at the end of World War II and resulted in the building of enormous nuclear arsenals by both superpowers and the creation of smaller stockpiles by Britain, France and China. The third race involved--and still involves--preventing the spread or "proliferation" of nuclear weapons to other nations and has seen some successes.
- 2: The Axis of Upheaval: Iraq, Iran and North Korea
Bee discusses how in his 2002 State of the Union Address, the first after 9/11, Pres Bush called Iraq, Iran and North Korea the "axis of evil," accusing these states of seeking nuclear weapons, whose sale or transfer to terrorists would directly threaten the US. In so doing, the President proclaimed a major focus--if not the major focus--of his Administration was to protect the US from terrorists, and by extension, those states that harbor them or could supply them with weapons of mass destruction.
- 3: 9/11 As Watershed-Nonproliferation As Continuity
Bee examines cold-war historian John Lewis Gaddis' book Surprise, Security, and the American Experience, in which Gaddis reflects that unusual surprises and tragic events occasionally link the historical to the personal. According to Gaddis, Sep 11, 2001, before the morning had even ended, attained a similar status with Pearl Harbor attack in people's minds. They all remember what they were doing when they heard the news. They will remember it all over again, when future September liths roll around for the rest of their lives.
- Transatlantic Tensions: The United States-Europe Relationship
- Talking It Over